Biography of Hazrat Fatima (R.A)
Hazrat Fatima (R.A) is the daughter of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Bibi Fatima (R.A) was born just about five years before her Father (PBUH) was granted the first revelation from Allah SWT. Bibi Fatima (R.A) has four titles, which are ‘Zahraa”, “Batool”, “Umm al-Hasan wal-Husayn” and the last is the nicest title “Ummu Abeeha”. From the extent of her love and affection for the Prophet (SAW), and the fact that she was always with him and trying to defend him, just as a mother has these feeling towards her child, so she became known as “Umm Abeeha” by the Sahaba and scholars. Right from her early age, she acquired the best possible qualities from her parents. She was titled as Al-Zahra, which means “the fabulous one”, greatly because of her remarkable resemblance to the Prophet (SAW) of Allah in her overall personality. The Prophet (SAW) said that “Fatima is the sayyidat of the women of Paradise”.
Our beloved Prophet (SAW) loved her so much because Bibi Fatima Zahra (R.A) was so kind and loved her Father too much. Also if the Prophet (SAW) would be seated and Bibi Fatima (R.A) would enter he would get up and kiss her between her eyes, all the time.
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Bibi Fatima (R.A) was also known as Zahra (the Radiant). The childhood of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (R.A) was the most difficult years of the history of Islam because these were early days of preaching Islam in Mecca. For, the small community of Muslims in Mecca was under increasing pressure imposed by disbelievers. Bibi Fatima (R.A) was raised in the prophetic school of her father Muhammad (SAW) and the loving lap of her mother Khadijah (R.A). Since childhood, Fatima witnessed the sufferings of her father and was always at his side to help him.
Bibi Fatima Zahra (R.A) went through highly tensed times when all the tribes boycotted her Father and those who had accepted Islam, when the blockade of Shi`b Abi Talib, a small valley which the uncle of Muhammad (PBUH) made for shielding Muslims from Makkan oppressions. For almost 3 years, the supporters of Islam had to face that blockade. Soon after it was over, Fatima Zahra (R.A) had to bear the tragic loss of Her Mother, Khadijah (R.A), and the dignified defender of His Father, Abu Taalib.
All such tragic happenings in her early life greatly affected her health, which is why Bibi Fatima (R.A) remained sick in most of her life, but she always acted as an embodiment of patience and determination throughout the process and supported her Father (PBUH).
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) love for His Daughter
Among all children, Hazrat Fatima (R.A) was the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The holy prophet of Islam regarded his daughter as an angel in a human body; she was an inseparable part of him. He was overwhelmed with joy whenever he set eyes on her. Whenever he wanted to go on a trip, the last place he would leave would be his daughter’s home and the first place to which he would return would be his daughter’s home. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:
Fatima is part of me. Whatever upsets her upsets me, and whatever harms her harms me. (Muslim)
It shows the uncountable love of Prophet (PBUH) for Fatima Zahra (R.A).
Married Life of Hazrat Fatima (R.A)
Hazrat Fatima (R.A) got married to Hazrat Ali (R.A). Ali (R.A) was not among rice people, but she never complained about the shortage of anything in her life, which conveys a great message to women of this day and age to adopt modesty and patience. They had children who later sacrificed a lot in the way of Islam: Hassan (R.A), Hussain (R.A), Zainab (R.A) and Umm Kalthum (R.A).
Fatima (R.A) as a Role Model
Bibi Fatima Zahra (R.A) is a role model for all times. The Almighty Allah made her the exemplar of a perfect woman so that women of all ages could follow her. The Almighty Allah made the flawless household of the Holy Prophet (SAW) survive through Fatima’s very existence. Fatima’s home was the place where the banner of Islam would be transferred from the Holy Prophet (SAW) to Imam Ali (R.A) her husband and his children. The residents of Fatima’s home were all among the divinely selected people who surpassed people at all times in terms of science, logic, piety, justice, and righteousness. She is the role model for the women of all ages in term of kindness, patience, and righteousness. We should try to follow her lifestyle in all matters of our life.
Death of Hazrat Fatima (R.A)
During the last moments of Prophet (SAW) Bibi Fatima (R.A) was with him and her father died in her arms. She was very in deep sorrow due to which she became sick and died after 90 days after the death of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). After performing the last rites she was taken to the graveyard of Baqii in the darkness of the night for burial. Very few family members were present at the burial of the daughter of the Prophet (SAW).
In short, Bibi Fatima (R.A) bint Muhammad (PBUH) is a role model for all Muslim women. She had the best of the best personality characteristics which she largely acquired from her Father, like courage, patience, willpower, and above all complete faith on Almighty Allah. We should follow her lifestyle in our daily life and also in all types of matters of our life.
Biography of Hazrat Fatima (R.A)
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