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Internet History Sourcebooks Project

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook

Editor: Paul Halsall

This page is a subset of texts derived from the three major online Sourcebooks listed below, along with added texts and web site indicators. For more contextual information, for instance about Western imperialism, or the history of a given period, check out these web sites.

For help in research, homework, and so forth see

Notes:

In addition to direct links to documents, links are made to a number of other web resources.
2ND
Link to a secondary article, review or discussion on a given topic.
MEGA
Link to one of the megasites which track web resources.
WEB
Link to a website focused on a specific issue.. These are not links to every site on a given topic, but to sites of serious educational value.

Contents

 

The Pre-Islamic Arab World

Pre-Islamic Arabs

Pre-Islamic Persia

 

Muhammad and Foundations – to 632 CE

Religious and Social Context of 7th Century Arabia

Muhammad

Hadith

Islam Faith and Theology

General

The Sunni Tradition

The Shi’ite Tradition

Sufism

Islam as a Modern Faith

Women in  Islam

Islamic Expansion and Empire

Conquests

Government Institutions

Islamic Africa [Sub-Sahara]

  • Abû Ûthmân al-Jâhiz: The Essays, excerpts, c. 860 CE
    On the Zanj (Black Africans). Arab Muslim opinions.
  • African States
  • African Islamic Culture
  • The Slave Trade

The Caliphate

General

Government

Science

  • Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 28: Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb) [At USC-MSA]
  • Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (973-1037 CE): On Medicine, c. 1020 CE
  • Adelard of Bath: Natural Questions, c. 1137
    Impact of Muslim science in the West.
  • 2ND Seyyed Hossain Nasr: Science and Civilization in Islam, (New York : New American Library. 1968). “Introduction”.
  • WEB History of Islamic Medicine
  • Famous Muslim Scientist Lists
    The lists below seem to be part of a certain genre of list creation, usually to make the claim (which is true) that Islam had a glorious role in the history of science. Non of them seem to address what happened after c. 1500 (the Western Intrusion was not until c. 1800, so it will not do as an “excuse”.)

Culture

  • The Poets of Arabia, Selections
  • Al Hariri of Basrah (446-516 A.H./1054-1122 CE): Maqamat, (The Assemblies), c. 1100 CE, 12 of the 50 “assemblies”. Maqamat (singular Maqamah) were a popular sort of Arabic entertainment literature (adab). This is perhaps the most popular example.
  • The Women and Her Suitors story from the Thousand and One Nights [caution: very rude!]
  • The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor story from the Thousand and One Nights [At Sacred Texts]
  • The Arabian Nights Entertainments, translated by Andrew Lang
  • The Arabian Nights, translated Sir. Richard Francis Burton. Full Text – Sacred Texts]
  • Ibn Fadlan. Risala 921 CE [At VikingAnswerLady]
    Ibn Fadlan -an Arab chronicler. In 921 C.E., the Caliph sent Ibn Fadlan with an embassy to the King of the Bulgars of the Middle Volga. Ibn Fadlan wrote an account of his journeys with the embassy, called a Risala. This Risala is of great value as a history, although it is clear in some places that inaccuracies and Ibn Fadlan’s own prejudices have slanted the account to some extent.
  • Nasir-i-Khusraw (1046-1052): Book of Travels (Safarnama) [At Traveling to Jerusalem/U Sth Colorado]
  • The Nizámu’l Mulk (?-1092 CE) : On the Courtiers and Familars of Kings
  • Ibn Battuta (1307-1377 CE): Travels, selections
  • Ibn Battuta (1307-1377 CE): Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354
  • 2ND Arthur Goldschmidt: A Concise History of the Middle East. Chap. 8. “Islamic Civilization”
  • 2ND Oleg Grabar: Ceremonial and Art at the Umayyad Court. PhD Dissertation, Princeton Univ 1955. Chap. I. The Umayyad Royal Idea and its Expression under Mu’awiyah I. pp 18 ff
  • 2ND Oleg Grabar: The Formation of Islamic Art, (New Haven: Yale Univ Press, 19??), pp. 43- 71,.Chap. 3 “The Symbolic Appropriation of the Land” chapter 3
  • 2ND S. M. Ghazanfar: The Islamic World and the Western Renaissance [At Cyberistan]. 
    Useful enough, but written with a chip on his shoulder by an economist.

Philosophy

Gender and Sexuality in Classical Islam

  • The Qur’an on Homosexuality.
  • Edward Carpenter (1884-1929): Iolaus: An Anthology of Friendship [chapter on Arabia and Persia], with extracts from Rumi, Hafiz and Saadi.
  • The Tale of Nur Al-Din Ali and his Son Badr Al-Din Hasan,
    from The Arabian Nights, translated Sir. Richard Francis Burton.
  • Abu Nawas (c.756-810 CE): Poetry
  • The Nizámu’l Mulk (?-1092 CE) : On the Courtiers and Familars of Kings
  • Sa’di (1184-1292 CE): Gulistan, 13th Century CE, Full text of Persian prose/poetry text with significant homoerotic content.
  • Rumi: Poetry
  • Sa’di (1184-1292 CE): The Gulistan, c. 1256 CE. another translation.
  • Sheikh Nefzaoui: The Perfumed Garden, 16th Cent. CE/c. A.H 925, translated by Sir Richard Burton , in chapter files, full text, [At Bibliomania]
    A guide to sex by a Tunisian writer of the 16th century. Does not discuss male homosexuality, but does discuss Lesbianism (in chap. 20).
  • Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq (1522 – 1592 CE): Lesbian Love in A Turkish Bath, 1560  [At Internet Archive, from Letters Magazine]
  • 2ND Richard Burton: Terminal Essay, from his edition of the Arabian Nights.
    Burton’ compilation of data on variety of societies was meant to explain some of the stories in The Nights. In doing so, he provided first overview of Islamic homosexuality.
  • 2ND Islam and Homosexuality [At Geocities]
    An extremely homophobic article which claims Islam never tolerated homosexuality.

Successor States: Ummayyad Spain

  • 2ND David J. Wasserstein: The Caliphate in the West, (Oxford: ClarendonPress, 1993), chap. 1. “The Caliphal Institution in al-Andalus until 422/1031”

In English, with Spanish and French versions.

Successor States: Fatamid Egypt

Successor States: Mameluke Egypt

Successor States: North Africa/Maghreb

The Mongol Invasions

  • Ibn al-Athir: On The Tatars, 1220-1221CE
    The effects of the Mongols in Persia.
  • Bar Sauma (c. 1278-1313):  The Monk of Kublai Khan, Emperor of China; or The History of the Life and Travels of Rabban Sawma, Envoy and Plenipotentiary of the Mongol Khans to the Kings of Europe and Markos who as Yahbh-Allaha III Became Patriarch of the Nestorian Church. Translated by E.A. Wallis Budge,   London: The Religious Track Society, 1928.  [At Traveling to Jerusalem/U Sth Colorado]

The Persians

Culture

Safavids

The Turkish Irruption

Origins

Culture

The Ottomans

General

  • WEB The Ottomans [At WSU]
    A multi-media site by Richard Hooker.

Conquests

Government

  • Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq (1522 – 1592): The Turkish Letters,   excerpts, 1555-1562 [At this Site]

Society

  • Sidi Ali Reis (16th Century CE): Mirat ul Memalik (The Mirror of Countries), 1557 CE
    A Turkish traveler’s account of the world of India and the Middle East.
  • Women

Ottoman Egypt

Culture

  • Architecture
  • Science and Technology
  • Painting
  • Poetry

Decline

The Expansion Eastwards

India

  • WEB The Mughals [At WSU]
    A multi-media site by Richard Hooker.

China

East Indies

 

Interaction with the West

Crusades

The Western Intrusion

Napoleon

European 19th Century Imperialism

The Ottoman Empire in the Face of Western Power

Algeria

Arabia

Egypt

Iran

Libya

Morocco

Sudan

 

World War I

Islamic Nationalism

Arab Nationalism

British and French Diplomacy

Islam and Democracy

Algeria

Turkey

Pakistan

The Islamic World Since 1945

General

  • Islamic World: Country Studies
    Prepared for Library of Congress under the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the Department of the Army. These are full descriptions of the countries concerned, in terms of history, geography, economy, etc. There are also useful bibliographies. [At LOC]
  • Islamic World: Modern Constitutions [if not listed below]
    • Kuwait Constitution, 1962 [At ICL]
    • Mauritania Constitution, 1992 [At ICL]
    • Morocco Constitution, 1992 [At ICL]
    • Oman Constitution, 1996 [At ICL]
    • Tunisia Constitution, 1991 [At ICL]
    • Yemen Constitution, 1991 [At ICL]
  • Western Views of the Region
    • Benjamin R. Barber: Jihad Vs. McWorld,  The Atlantic Monthly, March 1992 [At The Atlantic, subscription required][Added 7/23/98]

International Affairs/Organizations

Algeria

  • The Islamic Salvation Front National Provisional Executive Bureau:
    Communique No. 42, Algiers, November 14 1993 [At Historical Text Archive]
  • 2ND William Lewis, “Algeria at the Brink,” Strategic Forum, National Defense University, Number 32, June, 1995  [At NDU]

Egypt

Iran

  • Ayatollah Khomeini: The Uprising of Khurdad 15, 1979 [At this Site]
  • V.S. Naipaul: Among the Believers, The Atlantic Monthly, July 1981, [At The Atlantic, subscription required][Added 7/23/98]
    Shia Islam in Revolutionary Iran.
  • Iran Constitution, 1992 [At ICL]
    Includes a history of the 1979 revolution, and specific comments on the position of women.

Iraq

Kurdistan

  • Robert Kaplan: Sons of Devils, The Atlantic Monthly, November 1987  [At The Atlantic, subscription required]
    On Kurdish identity.
  • Laurie Mylroie: After Saddam Hussein, The Atlantic Monthly, December 1992 [At The Atlantic, subscription required]
    On the Kurds in the Middle East.

Libya

Saudi Arabia

Syria

  • Syria Constitution, 1973 [At ICL]

The Palestine/Israel Conflict

World War I and its Effects

The Politics and Culture of the Interwar Years

Establishment of Israel

Israeli Government

Wars

Peace Efforts

Palestinian Organizations and Politics

Local Culture

Islamic History Maps

Origins, Expansion and Core Areas

Crusades

Spain

Persia

Turks: Seljuqs and Ottomans

India and Far East

 

Further Resources on Islamic History

  • Guides to the Web
  • Academic Pages
  • General Interest Sites
  • Muslim Sites

© This text is copyright. The specific electronic form, and any notes and questions are copyright. Permission is granted to copy the text, and to print out copies for personal and educational use. No permission is granted for commercial use.

If any copyright has been infringed, this was unintentional. The possibility of a site such as this, as with other collections of electronic texts, depends on the large availability of public domain material from texts translated before 1923. [In the US, all texts issued before 1923 are now in the public domain. Texts published before 1964 may be in the public domain if copyright was not renewed after 28 years. This site seeks to abide by US copyright law: the copyright status of texts here outside the US may be different.] Efforts have been made to ascertain the copyright status of all texts here, although, occasionally, this has not been possible where older or non-US publishers seem to have ceased existence. Some of the recently translated texts here are copyright to the translators indicated in each document. These translators have in every case given permission for non-commercial reproduction. No representation is made about the copyright status of texts linked off-site. This site is intended for educational use. Notification of copyright infringement will result in the immediate removal of a text until its status is resolved.

The Islamic History Sourcebook is part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project.

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.  Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [CV]

 


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