Quran Statistics and Facts
MYSTERY ABBREVIATED LETTERS/HURROF AL MUQATTAT
Their Usage And Percentage With That of Each other
More than 25% of the Quranic Surahs begin with specific abbreviated letters called Huroof-Al-Muqattaat. Literally, مقطعات means abbreviated or shortened. They are also known as openers/Fawatih فواتح as in many cases they form the opening verse of the respective Surah. The مقطعات are made up of 14 Arabic Alphabets/letters. Thus out of the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet, precisely 50% appear as مقطعات, both singly or in combinations of 2, 3, 4 or 5 letters. There are 29 Surahs of Quran that state the abbreviated prefixes. الٓم in Surah Baqarah, Ale Imran, Ankabut, Rum, Luqman and Sajdah. الٓمٓصٓ in Surah Araf. الٓر in Surah Yunus, Hud, Yusuf, Ibrahim and Hijr. الٓمٓر in Surah Raad. كٓهيعٓصٓ in Surah Maryam. طه in Surah Taha. طسٓمٓ in Surah Shuara and Qasas. طسٓ in Surah Naml. يسٓ in Surah Yaseen. صٓ in Surah Sad. حمٓ in Surah Ghafir, Fussilat, Shura Zukhuuf, Dukhan, Jathiyah and Ahqaf. حمٓ عٓسٓقٓ in Surah Shura. قٓ in Surah Qaf and نٓ in Surah Qalam.