This is the definitive guide to electric scooters. It’s a starting point for all information about their historical past, completely different components, commuting, legal guidelines, safety, maintenance, and scooter sharing.

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Make in-depth technical and value comparisons.

Examine real-world performance together with range and hill climb checks.

Desk of Contents

Electric Scooters

Anatomy of an electric scooterBatteries










Electric scooters

Electric kick scooters, like the Razor kick scooters of the 1990s, have two wheels, a platform known as a deck, and handlebars for steering. They differ from the unmotorized kick scooters of the 90s due to the addition of a battery, electronics, bigger (usually air-crammed) tires, and an electric motor.

Though the vast majority of scooters are intended to be ridden while standing on the deck, some scooters might be converted into seated electric scooters with elective accessories.

Lately, there has been an enormous surge in interest for scooters – mainly driven by their notorious overnight introduction into cities by scooter sharing corporations akin to Lime and Chicken.

Scooter sharing has elevated most of the people awareness of micromobility and pushed the expansion of the personal market. The explosion of the non-public market has led to the import of a whole bunch of various models of electric scooters by a huge number of various brands.

Although most companies are making electric scooters for adults, some firms – notably Razor – are concentrating on the youngsters and young teen market.

For Adults

Grownup electric scooters are the most common type of scooter accessible available on the market. They differ from electric scooters intended for children as a result of they’ve bigger weight capacity, sometimes around 220 lbs (100 kg), extra powerful motors, bigger battery, larger deck, and a taller stem. Electric scooters meant for adults also are inclined to value at least $300 whereas an electric scooter supposed for children can typically be had for under $200.

Some popular manufacturers of electric scooters for adults are: Boosted, Glion, GoTrax, Xiaomi, Swagtron, Zero, and Fluid FreeRide, Kaabo, and MiniMotors.

Some notable models are the Xiaomi Mi M365, Dualtron, Huge Wheel, Zero 10X, Boosted Rev and Wolf Warrior 11.

A typical grownup scooter weighs beneath 30 lbs, has a 250-watt motor, a 250 watt-hour lithium-ion battery, has a high velocity of 15 mph, a spread of 10 miles, and costs round $500.

For youths

Electric scooters meant for teenagers or teenagers are sometimes smaller, lighter, and cheaper than their grownup counterparts. They are often made of less durable supplies equivalent to plastic, have weak motors, and should even include low power density lead-acid batteries.

It is price noting that children’s electric scooters aren’t usually much greater than toys and needs to be used as such. They shouldn’t be used for riding on public roads or ridden by adults.

Some in style brands of electric scooters for kids are: Razor and Jetson.

A typical children’s electric scooter weighs around 20 lbs, has 150-watt motor, one hundred watt-hour battery (either sealed lead acid or lithium-ion), a range of three miles, and costs around $200.

Notice: Larger or taller teenagers ought to use an grownup electric scooter as a result of a youngsters scooter will seemingly be too small and underpowered.


Seated electric scooters are primarily for adults and made to make longer rides extra comfy. Most electric scooters do not come with a seat, but many have non-obligatory seat attachments which are sold as separate equipment.

A hallmark of the modern e-scooter is its ability to fold – making it each portable for carrying and convenient for storing. That is the principle advantage of folding electric scooters, compared to electric bicycles. When a seat is added to an electric scooter, this sometimes eliminates its folding ability and, in our eyes, reduces a lot of the advantages of folding e-scooters.

You probably have a necessity for a scooter with a seat, then you definitely may consider an electric bicycle instead. Electric bicycles are usually simpler to journey, quicker, and more comfortable for longer distances. You can’t fold them up for easier carrying – but neither can you fold a seated electric scooter.

Anatomy of an Electric Scooter

Electric Scooter Parts

Electric scooters have a handful of different components, but the foremost ones are: batteries, brakes, controller, deck, handlebars, lights, motor, stem, suspension, and tires.


Electric scooter battery packs are made up of many individual cells which might be assembled together.

Batteries are the “gas tank” of an electric scooter. They retailer the energy that’s consumed by the electric motor and different equipment, together with lights.

Most electric scooters may have a battery pack comprised of lithium-ion battery cells, though some electric scooters for kids and other inexpensive scooters actually have lead-acid batteries.

Batteries are rated in watt-hours, abbreviated Wh, which is a measure of their capability. Battery capability is among the vital factors that decide electric scooter vary. A typical funds scooter will have a capacity of around 250 watt-hours while monster scooters can have capacities of almost 3,000 watt-hours.

Study extra: technical information to electric scooter batteries.


A top quality braking system, such as the disc brake picture above, is crucial for staying protected and in management whereas riding an electric scooter.

Like these on a automobile or bicycle, brakes are what slow the electric scooter down. Electric scooter brakes could be damaged down into two classes: mechanical and digital.

Mechanical brake techniques are people who rely on a physical mechanism to slow the scooter down and are: disc, drum, and foot brakes.

Electronic braking systems rely on utilizing the motor itself for braking and embrace strictly electronic and regenerative braking programs.

Usually mechanical braking programs will offer much stronger braking than digital methods. However, digital methods profit from not requiring any periodic changes or upkeep.

Many scooters can have a mixture of each digital and mechanical braking techniques. For security causes, we recommend scooters which have not less than two braking programs in case one fails.

Learn more about brakes: a technical information to brakes.


The velocity controller sends power to the motor based mostly on accelerator input.

The velocity controller is an electronic component buried deep inside of the scooter that controls the circulation of current from the battery to the motor. They typically appear like rectangular metal cans with many wires coming out of them. The metal enclosure serves as a heat sync. The controller receives inputs from the accelerator and (electronic) brake controls and interprets that right into a current that is shipped to the motor.

Controllers are rated based mostly on the voltage and present they can regulate. Scooters with extra highly effective motors could have controllers with increased max voltage and better max current scores.

Controllers are one of the below-appreciated parts of the electric scooter because they quietly do their job most of the time. They can be an enormous supply of headache (or make the scooter unsafe) when things go incorrect. On some poorly designed scooters controllers are known to fail or malfunction.


The deck is the platform you stand on while riding. Many are rubberized to provide better traction.

The electric scooter deck – like that of a skateboard – is the thing you stand on. Some electric kick scooters have the battery pack built into the deck.

Most decks have some sort of textured end that provides better grip between your sneakers and the scooter. Some scooters, just like the Rev pictured above, have a sloped deck that provides you extra space to position your feet.

The standard scooter deck measurement is 14″ by 5″ inches and provides a few inches of floor clearance.


The handlebars are your principal connection with the scooter. They are fitted with all of the controls, including the accelerator, brakes, speed/settings display, and energy buttons.

Probably the most portable electric scooters could have folding handlebars that significantly scale back their width and get the scooter right down to a really transportable and storable measurement.


Good scooter lighting is essential for seeing and staying visible at evening. Unfortunately, lots of the scooters we take a look at have lackluster built-in lighting.

Almost each electric scooter comes with at the least one LED headlight and a brake-activated tail gentle. Additionally, many scooters are also together with multi-colored LEDs that wrap round or shine from under the deck. We like to name this type of lighting swag lighting.

Swag and deck lighting are good for rising visibility and cool issue of your scooter, however no substitute for powerful headlight and taillights.

Sadly, many electric scooters have sorrowfully weak lights. This is the reason we practically always advocate further lighting for safely riding at evening.


Adult electric scooters have hub motors built into one or both wheels. The powerhouse Vast Wheel pictured above has twin 500-watt motors.

Electric scooters have brushless direct present (BLDC) electric motors which are built into the hub of wheels. All electric kick scooters have at least one motor while more highly effective ones may have two.

Electric motors are rated based on their energy consumption which is express in models of watts. Extra highly effective motors can have higher wattage.

A median electric scooter, just like the Mi M365 could have a 250 watt motor; an intermediate scooter like the Horizon could have a 500 watt motor; extreme efficiency scooters, like the Wolf Warrior may have dual 1200 watt motors.

See our technical guide to electric scooter motors.


The stem is the folding metal tube that connects that handlebars to the entrance wheels. On some electric scooters the folding mechanism is a source of frustration because of instability.

The stem or neck of the electric scooter is the long tube that’s connected to the front wheel and extends up to the handlebars.

Almost every scooter has a folding mechanism built into the stem to permit easy carrying and storage. In our e-scooter evaluations, we often spend loads of time specializing in this unsuspecting half. Yet, that is for good reason. The folding mechanism will be difficult work or worse it may be unfastened or unstable. When you apply power to the handlebars, you’ll discover the entire stem rocking again and fourth – a situation we name stem wobble. This is considered one of the massive downsides to folding electric scooters.

Unfortunately, its not just the low-end scooters that undergo from poor stem folding mechanisms. The high-end Dualtron scooters are notorious for this challenge, despite their otherwise immense quality.


Many electric scooters have no suspension, while high performance ones, like the Zero 8X pictured above characteristic a beefy coil-over-hydraulic suspension.

The suspension of the electric scooter, like that on motor vehicle or bicycle, helps to enhance trip quality and dampin bumps within the road.

There are three major sorts of suspension programs which might be typically found on electric scooters: spring, hydraulic or air piston, and rubber suspension. Scooters with the perfect suspension may have some mixture of spring and piston – a mixture called coil-over-hydraulic or coil-over-air.

Many scooters forgo suspension in favor of large pneumatic tires that present damping effects. Giant pneumatic tires can supply be a greater form of suspension that low cost spring suspensions.


Tires given you traction to speed up or brake in an emergency. Airless tires, like these pictured above, do not carry out in addition to pneumatic tires.

Tires are your connection to the highway and influence ride quality, traction, range, and braking efficiency of your electric kick scooter [Read Csgrid].

Tires are available basically two sorts: pneumatic (airfilled) and airless. There are a number of kinds of airless tires and electric scooter these embody: honeycomb, polymer-filled, and stable.

We all the time suggest pneumatic tires because they provide better journey high quality (with or with out suspension) and their supple rubber performs a lot better in opposed highway conditions.

For deeper dive into scooter tires, read our technical information.

Shopping for an Electric Scooter

Purchasing an electric scooter could be a formidable challenge – there are an overwhelming number of decisions, a high quality electric scooter is well $500 and can price upwards of $2,000. Throwing a wrench into the matters are quite a few dubious “review” sites and reviewers that have by no means touched a scooter of their life.

We’ve got examined and created unbiased written and video opinions for quite a few scooters in order that yow will discover the one which greatest matches your wants.

To purchase a scooter with out research, you decide one from our curated Finest Electric Scooters list. We even have articles on top-rated scooters at the $300, $600, $900, $1200, $1600, and $2500 price ranges.

For a deeper training, start with our guide to purchasing an electric scooter.


Commuting by electric scooter is all part of the new trend in micromobility that solves the so-referred to as final mile problem. The final mile downside refers back to the last leg of a trip – whether it be walking from bus station to your workplace or exiting a freeway in a automobile to go to a specific vacation spot.

Paradoxically, the leg of a visit tends to be the slowest and most tough despite being the shortest. It’s because public transit methods and roadways are all optimized for connecting large population centers separated by larger distances. Think about it – multilane highways join major cities separate by tens or a whole bunch of miles. At common freeway speeds, you can go 60 miles in an hour or about a mile a minute.

However, as soon as you’ve exited the freeway, your final mile or so could take 15 minutes or extra!

This is where electric scooters, bike sharing, electric skateboards, and so on – all types of micro-mobility – come into play. They make traveling the last mile of your journey quicker, easier, and more environmentally pleasant.

If it’s a must to commute only a few miles to work or must stroll from a bus cease or transit middle, then an electric scooter is the perfect option for you.

Electric scooters compared to bicycles

In comparison with bicycles, electric scooters are extra portable, much less liable to theft, and require much less physical effort than a bicycle. They let you get to your destination at speeds around 15 mph with no bodily effort. You possibly can arrive at your destination extra rapidly, fold up the scooter, and carry it inside. Because they require zero physical effort you won’t be sweaty as you would in case you were to trip a bike at that speed.

They also have some disadvantages which might make bicycles a better possibility in some circumstances. These are: capacity to deliver inside, stability and value.

If you happen to aren’t bodily in a position or not allowed to bring your electric scooter inside then a bicycle may be higher. Locking an electric scooter up on the road for a protracted period of time is not optimum – they seem to be extra susceptible to theft, vandalism and are tougher to lock on account of lack of locking factors.

Bicycles, due to their geometry and larger tires, are extra stable and higher on tough roads. Grownup scooters have relatively small tires that don’t roll over bumps simply. They even have a extra upright steering angle which makes them inherently much less stable and more susceptible to wobbles that have sent many a scooter rider down.

Lastly, adult electric scooters are dearer than a quality entry-stage bicycle. An entry-level bicycle will run you round $300 and be way more durable. Crashing on a bicycle is unlikely to hurt most whereas many scooters, significantly budget ones, may be rendered fully inoperable after a crash.

Legal guidelines

You must always overview your native and state legal guidelines earlier than riding an grownup electric scooter on roads or in public areas. The knowledge provided right here relating to legal guidelines should not be taken as legal advice.

Laws for electric scooters differ rather a lot by state and metropolis. In some jurisdictions, motorized electric scooters are utterly prohibited.

Basically, the place they are legal, most jurisdictions are beginning to regulate them in the identical method as bicycles. They often should be ridden on the street or in bike lanes and are forbidden from riding on the sidewalk or pedestrian pathways.

Like a bicycle, you have to obey all traffic laws that cars should adhere to. This includes stopping at stop indicators and crimson lights.


Safety isn’t any joke – you might be killed or permanently maimed riding an electric scooter.

Safety equipment including a helmet is an absolute necessity when riding the electric scooter at any speed. Relying on the speed and type of riding conditions that you simply expertise, you might have roughly tools.


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